Wednesday, March 28, 2012

Rav Moshe Weinberger - Shalosh Seudos Drasha - Parashas Vayikra 5752

Below is a write-up of Rav Weinberger's Shaloshe Seudos Drasha from this Shabbos, Parshas Vayikra. He has not yet reviewed this version so any mistakes are due to the writer (and NOT Rav Weinberger OR my dear friend Dixie Yid). You can see past write-ups of Rav Weinberger's Shalosh Sheudos Torahs here and get thousands of his shiurim in mp3 format at ravmosheweinberger.com.

Rav Moshe Weinberger
Shalosh Seudos Drasha Parashas Vayikra 5752
The Keren L'David: Jewish Survival

(Original text of the Keren L'David (Parshas Hachodesh p.468) is in regular font. Rav Weinberger’s comments are in italics)

This is a Torah from the Keren L'David, he was the Rov in Satmer before the current Satmer line started. He comes from the family of the current Pupa Rebbes.

"החודש הזה לכם" (Shemos 12:2). It's written in The Midrash (Yalkut Shimoni Shemos 247:170) "Regarding this it's written in the passuk (Vayikra 20:27) "ואבדיל אתחם מן העמים להיות לי וכו׳" (And I will separate you from the nations, to be for me etc.)" This is confusing, what is the connection between this passuk and "החודש הזה לכם"?

We can explain according to what I've said elsewhere regarding the passuk (Bereishis 16:8) "במה אדע כי אירשנה" (how shall I know that they will inherit it?). It was from His Chesed that Hashem exiled our forefathers to Egypt, and decreed upon them servitude. This was the cause they did not assimilate and sunk into the nations. Without this it wouldn't have been possible to survive among the nations without the Torah. So it's written that Avraham Avinu ע״ה was worried. 

Avraham Avinu was worried about the exile. His children would be spread out among goyim. How would they survive? They didn't have the Torah at that time, what could protect them? The memories of the past? Hashem had promised him that his children would inherit the land, but how many would there be left?

It was true that Hashem Yisborach promised him that his children would inherit the land. However until they took possession of it maybe, G'd forbid, the name of Yisroel would be forgotten and it would sink amongst the many nations. This is what he asks when he says "במה אדע כי אירשנה", will he have any heirs? Hashem's answer is "your seed will be strangers in a foreign land", and they will suffer exile in a way that even if they wanted to assimilate with the nations they will not be able to. The nations will be repulsed by the Jews and run away from them with all their might.

The Meshech Chochma writes that this is the meaning of the passuk (Tehillim 100) "הפך לבם לשנא עמו" (He turned their hearts to hate His nation). The goyim hated us and this protected us from assimilation. This was also part of the נס (miracle).

We see this in all other exiles as well. The Jewish nation is always despised and lowly in their eyes. Even if we desire to get closer and assimilate ourselves to them we are not able to eliminate their hatred for us. The reason for this is what we explained, because if it wasn't for this it would be possible for us to, G'd forbid, sink amongst them. So this underlies our survival.

Even in places that initially receive us with open arms, eventually it turns around. But while it lasts, those places where we are fully accepted are the most dangerous. Before the war in Germany and Austria assimilation was the worst. R. Dessert explains that, in a way, the Neuremberg Laws came to put a stop to this.

This is what the Baal Haagada said "והיא שעמדה לאבותינו ולנו", This is what stood for our forefathers and for ourselves. Meaning "שלא אחד בלבד עמד עלינו לכלותינו וכו׳", for not just one alone has risen against us to destroy us etc.

The words of our sages comparing Yisroel to the moon and the nations of the world to the sun, are well known. The light of the sun is much stronger then the moon, and in the same way Yisroel in this world is lowly and despised, as explained above.

This is what the Midrash Rabbah is saying in connecting the comparison of Yisroel to the moon to the passuk "החודש הזה לכם". It should have been the opposite, we should have been connected to the sun whose light is much stronger, and not to the moon. The answer is that through this Hakadosh Baruch Hu separated us from the nations, to be His people. By not allowing us to mix with them and learn from their actions. "ולעתיד לבוא יאיר אור הלבנה שבעתיים וכו׳" (In the future the moon will shine seventy time more etc.)  Hashem should be for us a light forever, אמן כן יהי רצון.

It should be the Ribbono Shel Olam's Ratzon that we should get that light back and that it should not be through Yissurim, suffering and troubles, but with Yedidus and Simcha, and we should all together see the ביאת משיח ציד קינאו בב״א.

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